然則生命是什麼？Ingold的著作裡提出了豐富的例子。比如，他引用另一人類學家Colin Scott八十年代在加拿大魁北克省北部原住民族群Cree（一般翻譯作克里人）做的田野研究資料，Scott解釋「pimaatisiiwin」這個克里字詞的意思為「生命」，而當地克里人則將這詞翻譯為「持續的出生」（continuous birth），延伸來說，是動態的，「有生命」、「活著」（to be alive），處於關係之中。生物活在世界中，跟環境中的其他生物互動，因而產生捕獵、蒐集、共生、合作等多樣的關係。隨著關係延展（unfolds），形軀（forms）主動不停地化為「存在」（being）：人是人，鵝是鵝。生命是生命本身持續誕生的過程。生命沒有經過編程，不是預先設定好的。生命不住變幻，總是在形成（becoming）之中。所以，也可以說人正在進行「human-ing」的過程，鵝在進行「goose-ing」的過程。
 怎為之多聲部的有機結合？可直接用耳聽聽巴洛克時期的著名例子《Canon in D》，Pachelbel 1680年的代表作。這段時期是複調音樂的高峰期，而「Canon」這詞本身就是複調音樂常用的寫作技法。
Anna Tsing所寫的《末日松茸》也有提到以「複調音樂」去理解「assemblage」的概念（大陸翻譯為「聚簇」、台灣翻譯為「拼裝」）。生態學者以此探尋不同物種如何在assemblage之中相互影響。Tsing以此延伸，思考人與非人物種如何合作（work together），使生命得以持續。但此種合作並非故意的（unintentional），這些物種各有相異的生命軌跡和生存方式，卻在不同時候聚合，彷若複音調音樂中出現的和諧旋律。
Workshop FULL! From now on, all enrollments will be put on the waiting list. Thank you very much for your support!
Council of All Beings Two-Day Workshop
Background: Since the establishment of Partnership for Eco-Agriculture and the Conservation of Earth (PEACE) in 2013 she has been endeavouring to create an eco-community and practice sustainable farming in Nam Chung. We hope that our workshop participants and visitors can deepen their connections with nature and each other through various sustainability- and ecovillage-related educational activities. We believe that if we unite hand in hand our strengths and wisdom will bring much greater positive impact to Planet Earth, environment, community, and the individual.
This workshop is a continuation of the ‘Ecovillage and Sustainable Living Co-learning Programme’ that we organized in the summer of 2020. From autumn 2020 to summer of 2021, we had run 5 ‘colearning’ workshops and 2 reading groups to further our understanding of deep ecology. This workshop therefore is the first practice session of what we’ve learned.
You are cordially invited to a two-day residential workshop – the Council of All Beings – through which we will explore our interconnectedness with each other and share our common concern for the Earth.
The Council of All Beings is a workshop developed in the 1980s by environmental activists and deep ecologists Joanna Macy, John Seed and others to address the deepening sense of alienation from nature that many of us feel and to awaken the inner ecological self so that we can stay connected to voice for the Planet.
The workshop will take on a journey of reflection and self-discovery through a variety of experiential exercises, creative craft work, time in nature, ritual theatre, and culminating in the ‘Council of All Beings’. In the Council, each of us allows ourselves to be represented by a being in nature. We will speak from the perspective of another being and express how their livelihood and/or roles in nature have been influenced by human activities.
Date: Saturday & Sunday, 19-20 February 2022
Venue: PEACE Nam Chung
This workshop is for those who:
Have an interest in Deep Ecology
Want to explore the interplay between spiritual, body, art, and theatre practices
Want to experience a different way of connecting with nature
Care for the present and future well-being of the Earth, the human collective, and the other-than-human world
Workshop fee: Sliding scale between $400-700-1,000*
$400 provides financial support for those in need
$700 covers event costs
$1,000 subsidizes the workshop and participants in need of financial aid
Includes fees for the facilitators, venue, meals (4.5 meals incl. First day lunch + dinner; second day breakfast ingredients + lunch + afternoon tea), insurance, and accommodation. (Note: PEACE will provide ingredients and participants will make their own breakfast on the second day.)
*PEACE will provide ten subsidies of $300 per person in order to encourage enrollment to the workshop. However, you would still have to pay the difference for the workshop fee after subsidy. Limited quota and subsidies are not provided on a first come first served basis; PEACE will consider applications in a single batch, please think twice whether you actually NEED to apply for subsidies.
Deep ecology was first proposed by Norwegian ecological philosopher Arne Naess in 1973. Deep ecology proposes an ecological approach to understanding and dealing with environmental problems, thinking from the relationships between humans and nature as a holistic whole. Naess critiqued modern life and philosophical thoughts, as well as technocratic attempts to solving world problems. All lives on Earth are indispensable not because of their extrinsic value (e.g., useful for humans) but because of their intrinsic worthiness; they should have equal rights and opportunities to live and to thrive. Human disturbance to the natural environment has reached a threshold and gives rise to unprecedented habitat destruction and deterioration. Humans should step out of our anthropocentric perspective and stop thinking we are the dominant species on this Planet; in order to allow the enlargement of the ego-self to the ecological-Self. Thus, deep ecology leads us towards a totally different worldview — if we cease looking at the world from a mechanistic mindset and reckon our intimate connections with nature, we would be able to reflect on our way of living and our values; we would be able to think from the holistic point of view instead of the atomistic.
You should be able to participate on BOTH DAYS.
A workshop reminder email will be sent on Monday, 7 Feb 2022.
We provide vegetarian meals only.
You are advised not to come if you have travelled recently or if you are in close contact with persons who have contracted Covid-19.
Amanda Yik, ICF Certified Professional Coach for Transformation, Certified Nature and Forest Therapy Guide and Trainer, women’s circle facilitator, yoga, tai chi and mindfulness practitioner, traveller in the descent to the Soul. After an epiphany moment while sailing the beautiful waters of Sai Kung in 2007, Amanda heeded the call of the Earth. A windy, decade-long journey of homecoming ensued. Throughout this time, nature has been a constant source of strength, inspiration and healing. Amanda’s work is her offering to the mystery and sacredness of life on this beautiful planet, our common home.
Liane Mah, movement artist, somatic practitioner, nature’s faith keeper, has been passionately exploring embodied movement within and without and is particularly interested in the process of ‘rewilding’ modern society through the deepening of mind/body relationships. Her work is guided by somatic, psychology, neuroscience, deep ecology, and buddhism, while her love for nature informs her way of being. She hopes to share a chance for co-creation through collective learning, listening, and expressing. It is a process to connect with our inner and outer home, and an invitation to return to the essence of why connection matters.
南涌居民 X 人類學徒/ 豁然 古古怪怪的人，暗長的草裡冬瓜，畜養鱷馬和長頸鹿。不見其益，有時而大。
「可持續發展」（台譯「永續發展」）是近代才出現的詞語。二戰後，美國及部分歐洲國家在社會、經濟、科技、人口等層面上高速成長，物質生活、消費主義、科技改造自然，成為五十至六十年代這些國家的發展主軸，而這種發展模式響起的警號終於在七十年代引起廣泛關注。1983年，聯合國設立世界環境與發展委員會（World Commission on Environment and Development），為的便是研究當代環境惡化和自然資源被快速消耗，對於社會經濟所造成的後果，並且尋求解決方案。至1987年，委員會主席Brundtland發表《我們的共同未來》 (Our Common Future) 報告，首度提出「永續發展」的概念，將之定義為「既能滿足當代的需要，而同時又不損及後代滿足其本身需要的發展模式」。